Quick Answer: What Did Plato And Aristotle Disagree On?

Why did Aristotle rejected Plato’s theory of forms?

However, careful consideration of both Plato and Aristotle’s arguments shows that they do not necessarily contradict each other.

Aristotle countered Plato’s ideas by saying that forms without matter could not be “something definite;” they could not actually, physically exist..

How did Aristotle disagree with Plato about form?

Aristotle rejected Plato’s theory of Forms but not the notion of form itself. For Aristotle, forms do not exist independently of things—every form is the form of some thing. … Unlike substantial forms, “accidental” forms may be lost or gained by a thing without changing its essential nature.

What did Plato argue?

Plato argues that philosopher kings should be the rulers, as all philosophers aim to discover the ideal polis. The ‘kallipolis’, or the beautiful city, is a just city where political rule depends on knowledge, which philosopher kings possess, and not power.

What are the main ideas of Aristotle?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What did Aristotle and Plato agree on?

Both Plato and Aristotle based their theories on four widely accepted beliefs: Knowledge must be of what is real. The world experienced via the senses is what is real. Knowledge must be of what is fixed and unchanging.

What kind of thing is most real for Aristotle contrast with Plato?

What kind of thing is most real for Aristotle? Contrast with Plato. Primary substance are the most real thing for Aristotle because they are subjects to everything else and all other things are either asserted of them or are present in them.

Why is Plato not the father of political science?

Aristotle is called the father of political science because he elaborated the topics and thinking of Ideal state, slavery, revolution, education, citizenship, forms of government, the theory of golden mean, theory of constitution etc. … Hence he is regarded as the father of political science.

What is Plato’s idea of a perfect society?

Plato described a perfect society as one where everyone lived harmoniously and without the fear of violence or material possession. He believed that political life in Athens was to rowdy and that no one would be able to live a good life with that kind of democracy.

Why does Plato not like democracy?

Plato rejected Athenian democracy on the basis that such democracies were anarchic societies without internal unity, that they followed citizens’ impulses rather than pursuing the common good, that democracies are unable to allow a sufficient number of their citizens to have their voices heard, and that such …

Who is better Plato or Aristotle?

Though many more of Plato’s works survived the centuries, Aristotle’s contributions have arguably been more influential, particularly when it comes to science and logical reasoning. While both philosophers’ works are considered less theoretically valuable in modern times, they continue to have great historical value.

What type of government did Plato think was best?

Aristocracy. Aristocracy is the form of government (politeia) advocated in Plato’s Republic. This regime is ruled by a philosopher king, and thus is grounded on wisdom and reason.

What is Plato’s ethical theory?

Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.

Who came first Aristotle or Plato?

Plato, who was pretty angry about his teacher being executed, began his work by writing down what Socrates had taught, and then continued by writing down his own ideas and opening a school. Plato called his school the Academy. Aristotle, who was younger, came to Athens as a teenager to study at Plato’s school.

How did Plato and Aristotle differ in their opinions on government?

How did Plato and Aristotle differ in their opinions on government? Plato believed that there should be 3 tiers in government: Philosopher-kings, warriors, and the rest of the people. … Aristotle believed that he 3 best forms of government are monarchy, aristocracy, and constitutional government.

Which political ideology is Plato credited with?

Plato’s political philosophy has been the subject of much criticism. In Plato’s Republic, Socrates is highly critical of democracy and proposes an aristocracy ruled by philosopher-kings. Plato’s political philosophy has thus often been considered totalitarian by some.